Sunday, June 5, 2011

Biography of Abu Bakar As-Sidiq

Abu Bakr As-Sidiq is one of the earliest religion of Islam (assabiqunal awwalun), friend Rasullullah SAW, and also the first caliph dibaiat (appointed) by Muslims. He was born simultaneously with the birth of Prophet Muhammad saw. in 572 AD in Mecca, a descendant of Bani Taim, Quraish tribe. His real name was Abdullah Ibni Abi Quhaafah.

According to some historians of Islam, he was a merchant, a judge with a high position, an educated and believed to be the person who can interpret dreams. Under the circumstances where the belief that Prophet Muhammad taught attract more young children, the poor, the marginalized and the slaves, difficult to accept that Abu Bakr actually included in those who embraced Islam in the early period and was also successful in getting residents mecca Quraysh and others followed (embraced Islam). [Read Indonesian]

Abu Bakr means 'father of the girl', the father of the Prophet Aisha wife Muhammad's . His name is actually Abdul Kaaba (meaning 'servant of the Kaaba'), which is then converted by the Prophet to Abdullah (meaning 'servant of God'). Other sources say his name is Abdullah ibn Abu Quhafah (Abu Quhafah is Kunya or his father's nickname). As-Sidiq title (which is trusted) is given the Prophet Muhammad SAW, so he is better known as Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. As the first people who converted to Islam, the trials suffered by Abu Bakr As-Sidiq quite a lot. But he always remained faithful to accompany the Prophet and with him being the only friend moved to Medina in 622 AD

By the death of Rasullullah, Abu Bakr was appointed as the priest prays in his place. It is indicated that Abu Bakr would later replace the position of the Prophet led the congregation. After the death of Rasullullah, then through consultation between the Muhajirin and the Ansar chose Abu Bakr as the first caliph, starting Rasyidin Khulafah era. Although opposed by some Shiite Muslims because they think the Prophet never chose Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor, but Ali ibn Abi Talib expressed loyalty and support of Abu Bakr as caliph.

Soon after becoming the Caliph, Abu Bakr affairs much preoccupied by the suppression of rebellion and streamlining the public belief that deviated after the death of the Prophet. He is fighting Al-Kazab Musailamah (Musailamah the liar), who claimed himself as a prophet, just replace the Prophet, and also to collect alms to the tribes who do not want to pay after the death of Prophet Muhammad PBUH. They thought that the Zakat is a form of tribute to Rasullullah.

After the age of rebellion and the various internal problems, he went on the mission of the Prophet Muhammad broadcast syiar Islam to the world. Abu Bakr sent people to the Byzantine and Sassanid trust as a mission of spreading the Islamic religion. Khalid bin Walid was also successful conquest of Iraq and Syria with ease.

He became caliph in a period of 2 years. Abu Bakr died on August 23, 634 in Medina. He was buried beside the tomb Rasullullah Saw. Furthermore, the position of caliph was replaced by Umar bin Khatab.

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